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Positive youth development: current perspectives

Authors Shek DTL, Dou D, Zhu X, Chai W

Received 21 January 2019

Accepted for publication 17 August 2019

Published 18 September 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 131—141

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S179946

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Alastair Sutcliffe


Video abstract presented by Diya Dou.

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Daniel TL Shek, Diya Dou, Xiaoqin Zhu, Wenyu Chai

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Daniel TL Shek
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, HJ407, Core H, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China
Tel  +852 2766 5652
Fax +852 2773 6546
Email daniel.shek@polyu.edu.hk

Abstract: This review outlines the current perspectives on positive youth development (PYD). Besides presenting the diverse theoretical roots contributing to PYD approaches, this review also introduces several PYD perspectives, including Benson’s 40 developmental assets, Lerner’s 5Cs and 6Cs conceptions, Catalano’s 15 PYD constructs, social-emotional learning (SEL) and the “being” perspective (character and spirituality). A comparison of the different PYD models in terms of theoretical orientation, the role of community, spirituality, character/morality, thriving, “being” versus “doing” and origin is also presented. The review suggests three future research directions, including the development of spirituality and character approaches to PYD, differentiating the role of “being” versus “doing” in PYD and construction of PYD models as well as conducting related research in non-Western contexts.

Keywords: PYD, adolescents, strength-based perspective, review

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