Back to Journals » Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy » Volume 3

Pleiotropic effects of rosuvastatin on microvascular function in type 2 diabetes

Authors Parson H, Bundy MA, Dublin CB, Boyd AL, Paulson JF, Vinik AI

Published 25 January 2010 Volume 2010:3 Pages 19—26

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S8376

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Henri K Parson, Meredith A Bundy, Charlotte B Dublin, Amanda L Boyd, James F Paulson, Aaron I Vinik

Leonard R. Strelitz Diabetes Center, Department of Internal Medicine Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA

Abstract: Rosuvastatin is known to reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and improve endothelial function. In addition to lipid-lowering, statins may exert pleiotropic (nonlipid lowering) effects on microvascular function. We compared the neurophysiological and vascular responses of dietary control and treatment with 10 mg of rosuvastatin in 16 subjects with neuropathy and established type 2 diabetes. Skin blood flow (SkBF) measurements were measured at baseline, after 18 weeks of diet, and after 18 weeks of diet and treatment with rosuvastatin in response to local warming and ischemia reperfusion. The study results show that total cholesterol (196.50 ± 8.02 to 134.88 ± 10.86 mg/dL) and LDL-cholesterol (114 ± 10.4 to 63.4 ± 8.48 mg/dL) decreased significantly after 18 weeks of rosuvastatin, but not after 18 weeks of diet. Neuropathy scores decreased from 8.34 ± 1.26 at baseline to 6.00 ± 0.90 after rosuvastatin treatment. Basal SkBF was significantly different from baseline, 6.81 ± 0.42 to 9.92 ± 0.78 after rosuvastatin treatment (P ≤ 0.001). These results indicate that rosuvastatin therapy positively changed basal SkBF and measures of neurovascular function. Although there was a profound lipid lowering, it is not clear that this mediated the increases in SkBF and decreases in neuropathy scores.
Keywords: neurovascular function, rosuvastatin, diabetes

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]