Perceived Surgeon Stress During No-Sedation Topical Phacoemulsification
Received 7 June 2020
Accepted for publication 4 August 2020
Published 18 August 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 2373—2381
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Ahmad Mansour,1,2 Michael W Stewart,3 Abdul Razzak Charbaji,4,5 Khalil M El Jawhari,6 Lulwa El Zein,1 Mohamad A Mansour,1 Joanna S Saade1
1Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA; 4Department of Statistics and Research Methodology, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon; 5Department of Statistics and Research Methodology, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon; 6Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
Correspondence: Ahmad Mansour Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Purpose: To determine the patient-related factors that contribute to surgeon stress during phacoemulsification cataract extraction (PCE) performed under unassisted topical anesthesia.
Methods: This is a prospective study of perceived surgeon stress during phacoemulsification by a single surgeon of consecutive patients undergoing PCE. At the conclusion of each procedure, the surgeon recorded the perceived stress according to the following three indices: surgeon score, qualitative score (yes or no), and total score (sum of itemized causes of stress). Patient variables included in the analysis included gender, age, diabetes mellitus, morbid obesity, intake of oral alpha blockers, floppy iris, laterality, pseudo-exfoliation, intraocular lens power, and initial visual acuity.
Results: During the 10-year study, 1097 eyes underwent surgery. The following patient variables were seen frequently: floppy iris syndrome (92), pseudo-exfoliation (72), and morbid obesity (36). Surgeon identified stress was reported after 250 procedures. On multivariable analysis, the following patient characteristics were associated with surgeon stress: age > 80 years; morbid obesity; floppy iris syndrome; severe nuclear sclerosis; and poor baseline distance corrected visual acuity.
Conclusion: Several ocular and systemic patient-related characteristics contribute to surgeon stress during PCE.
Keywords: brunescent cataract, cataract, floppy iris, morbid obesity, phacoemulsification, pseudo-exfoliation, surgeon stress, surgery time, topical anesthesia