Back to Journals » Cancer Management and Research » Volume 13

Overexpression of Nucleolin is a Potential Prognostic Marker in Endometrial Carcinoma

Authors Lin Q, Ma X, Hu S, Li R, Wei X, Han B, Ma Y, Liu P, Pang Y

Received 7 December 2020

Accepted for publication 5 February 2021

Published 25 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 1955—1965

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S294035

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li


Qianhan Lin,1,2,* Xiaoxue Ma,1,2,* Shunxue Hu,3 Rui Li,1,2 Xuan Wei,1,2 Bing Han,1 Yanhui Ma,1 Peishu Liu,1,2,4 Yingxin Pang1,2,4

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology of Shandong Province, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pathology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 4Shandong Engineering Laboratory for Urogynecology, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Peishu Liu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China
Tel +8618560081988
Email [email protected]
Yingxin Pang
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People’s Republic of China
Tel +8618560081127
Email [email protected]

Purpose: Nucleolin (NCL) is a multifunctional protein with oncogenic properties. NCL expression levels have been linked to the outcomes of various malignancies, but the clinical value of NCL in patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC) remains unclear. Here, the expression of NCL in EC tissues and its associations with patient outcomes were assessed.
Patients and Methods: Data on NCL mRNA expression in EC and adjacent nonneoplastic tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were analyzed. In addition, NCL protein expression in 82 endometroid endometrial adenocarcinoma tissues and 15 non-malignant tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry.
Results: Elevated NCL expression was markedly correlated with serous endometrial carcinoma (P< 0.001), advanced stage (P=0.029), and grade 3 (P< 0.001). High NCL levels were associated with poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with intermediate or low NCL levels (OS: P=0.001, DFS: P=0.006). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model showed that NCL expression was an independent poor prognostic factor for DFS (HR=1.282, CI=1.027– 1.601, P=0.028). A similar correlation between high expression levels of NCL and unfavorable DFS was found in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma (HR=1.411, CI=1.083– 1.840, P=0.011). Positive extra-nuclear NCL expression (HR=3.377, 95% CI=1.029– 11.186, P=0.046) and low nuclear NCL expression (HR=0.233, 95% CI=0.068– 0.796, P=0.020) were independent prognostic factors for DFS in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma.
Conclusion: Heterotopic NCL is a potential prognostic biomarker for EC. Inhibiting the distribution of NCL from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and membrane may be a promising therapeutic strategy to improve outcomes in patients with EC with high NCL expression.

Keywords: nucleolin, endometrial carcinoma, prognostic marker, TCGA

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]