Optimized vinpocetine-loaded vitamin E D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate-alpha lipoic acid micelles as a potential transdermal drug delivery system: in vitro and ex vivo studies
Received 13 September 2018
Accepted for publication 27 November 2018
Published 18 December 2018 Volume 2019:14 Pages 33—43
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Anderson Oliveira Lobo
Osama AA Ahmed,1,2 Khalid M El-Say,1,3 Bader M Aljaeid,1 Shaimaa M Badr-Eldin,1,4 Tarek A Ahmed1,3
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, Minia, Egypt; 3Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; 4Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Background: Vinpocetine (VNP), a semisynthetic natural product, is used as a vasodilator for cerebrovascular and age-related memory disorders. VNP suffers from low oral bioavailability owing to its low water solubility and extensive first-pass metabolism. This work aimed at utilizing D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) to develop efficient micellar system for transdermal delivery of VNP.
Materials and methods: VNP-TPGS-ALA micelles were prepared, characterized for particle size using particle size analyzer, and investigated for structure using transmission electron microscope. Optimization of VNP-TPGS-ALA micelles-loaded transdermal films was performed using Box–Behnken experimental design. The investigated factors were percentage of ALA in TPGS (X1), citral concentration (X2), and propylene glycol concentration (X3). Elongation percent (Y1), initial permeation after 2 hours (Y2), and cumulative permeation after 24 hours (Y3) were studied as responses.
Results: Statistical analysis revealed optimum levels of 16.62%, 3%, and 2.18% for X1, X2, and X3, respectively. Fluorescent laser microscopic visualization of skin penetration of the optimized transdermal film revealed marked widespread fluorescence intensity in skin tissue after 0.5, 2, and 4 hours compared with raw VNP transdermal film formulation, which indicated enhancement of VNP skin penetration.
Conclusion: The obtained results highlighted the potentiality of VNP nanostructure-based films for controlling the transdermal permeation of the drug and improving its effectiveness.
Keywords: bioavailability, box behnken design, citral, fluorescent laser microscope, nanostructured-based films, permeation
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]