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Optimal management of pediatric keratoconus: challenges and solutions

Authors Olivo-Payne A, Abdala-Figuerola A, Hernandez-Bogantes E, Pedro-Aguilar L, Chan E, Godefrooij D

Received 27 February 2019

Accepted for publication 18 June 2019

Published 10 July 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1183—1191

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S183347

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Andrew Olivo-Payne,1 Alexandra Abdala-Figuerola,2 Erick Hernandez-Bogantes,3 Lucero Pedro-Aguilar,4 Elsie Chan,5 Daniel Godefrooij6

1Cornea and Refractive Surgery Department, Instituto De Oftalmología Fundación Conde De Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Cornea Department, Grupo Oftalmologico Abdala-Figuerola, Barranquilla, Colombia; 3Cornea Department, Centro Ocular, Heredia, Costa Rica; 4Instituto De Oftalmología Fundación Conde De Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico; 5Cornea Unit, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; 6Utrecht Cornea Research Group, Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

Abstract: Keratoconus (KC) shows several distinctive features in clinical appearance, disease progression, and treatment in children compared with adults. Therefore, diagnostic, clinical care, and therapeutic approaches are different. However, pediatric keratoconus is often undiagnosed and thus untreated in many cases. Once diagnosis has been made, compliance with treatment recommendations is often poor. Pediatric keratoconus also tends to have more rapid progression than in adults; therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount to prevent serious vision impairment, which can affect the child’s development. This review of pediatric keratoconus discusses important issues such as worldwide epidemiology, clinical features in children compared to adults, and challenges in diagnosis and treatment and focuses on the most appropriate management strategies based on the best available current evidence.

Keywords: cornea, pediatric, keratoconus, crosslinking, corneal transplant, ICRS

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