Optimal dose of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% for unilateral spinal anesthesia during diagnostic knee arthroscopy
HM Atef, AM El-Kasaby, MA Omera, MD Badr
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Objective: To determine the dose of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% required for unilateral spinal anesthesia during diagnostic knee arthroscopy.
Patients and methods: This prospective, randomized, clinical study was performed in 80 patients who were assigned to four groups to receive different doses of intrathecal hyperbaric bupivacaine (5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg and 12.5 mg in Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively). Onset of sensory and motor block, hemodynamic changes, regression of motor block, and incidence of complications were recorded.
Results: Unilateral sensory block was reported in 90% and 85% of patients in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively, but not in any patient in Group 3 and Group 4. Unilateral motor block (modified Bromage scale 0) was reported in 95% of patients in Group 1, 90% in Group 2, and only 5% in Group 3, while no patient in Group 4 showed unilateral motor block. The time required for regression of motor block (Bromage scale 0) was prolonged with higher doses. The incidence of nausea, vomiting, and urine retention was similar in the study groups.
Conclusion: Unilateral sensory and motor block can be achieved with doses of 5 mg and 7.5 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% with a stable hemodynamic state. However, 7.5 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% was the dose required for adequate unilateral spinal anesthesia.
Keywords: hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5%, unilateral spinal anesthesia, diagnostic knee arthroscopy
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