Back to Journals » International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease » Volume 9 » Issue 1

Once-daily indacaterol 75 µg in moderate- to-severe COPD: results of a Phase IV study assessing time until patients’ perceived onset of effect

Authors Siler TM, LaForce CF, Kianifard F, Williams J, Spangenthal S

Received 7 May 2014

Accepted for publication 4 July 2014

Published 1 September 2014 Volume 2014:9(1) Pages 919—925


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Thomas M Siler,1 Craig F LaForce,2 Farid Kianifard,3 James Williams,3 Selwyn Spangenthal4

1Midwest Chest Consultants, St Charles, MO, USA; 2North Carolina Clinical Research, Raleigh, NC, USA; 3Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 4Charlotte Lung and Health Center, Charlotte, NC, USA

Background: Indacaterol 75 µg once daily is a long-acting β2 agonist approved for maintenance bronchodilator treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients' perception of onset of effect with a single dose.
Methods: In this double-blind, crossover, Phase IV study, 40 patients were randomized to receive a single dose of indacaterol 75 µg or placebo via a dry powder inhaler device. The primary variable was time until patient’s perception of onset of effect, using a simple self-administered (nonvalidated) questionnaire that patients answered at nine protocol-specified time points. Exploratory variables included change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and change in percent predicted FEV1 from predose to postdose (determined 60–75 minutes postdose).
Results: The least-squares mean time to patient’s perception of onset of effect was 25.4 minutes and 23.9 minutes for indacaterol and placebo, respectively. There was no significant effect for treatment, period, or sequence on the time to patient's perception. In addition, no statistically significant differences between treatments were observed for patient's global satisfaction with onset of effect and global expectation of treatment adherence. For the exploratory variable change in FEV1 from predose to postdose, indacaterol showed superiority over placebo with a clinically relevant least-squares mean treatment difference of 0.12 L (P<0.0001). There was little or no association between patient’s perception of time to onset of effect and change in FEV1, or change in percent predicted FEV1. Both treatments were well tolerated.
Conclusion: A single dose of indacaterol 75 µg did not separate from placebo in terms of patient perception of onset, although there was an improvement in FEV1 for indacaterol compared with placebo. Development and use of a validated questionnaire may be needed to address the inconsistency in evaluating this patient-related outcome.

Keywords: bronchodilator, long-acting, perceived onset of action, single dose

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]