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Neonatal erythroderma – clinical perspectives

Authors Boull CL, Hook KP

Received 13 September 2016

Accepted for publication 19 January 2017

Published 22 June 2017 Volume 2017:7 Pages 1—9


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Schelonka

Christina L Boull, Kristen P Hook

Department of Dermatology, Division of Pediatric Dermatology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Abstract: Neonatal erythroderma is rare, but significant as it may be the initial manifestation of an array of infectious, metabolic, and genetic conditions, some of which are life-threatening. Initial management should focus on identifying and treating life threatening etiololgies and complications, including infection, and fluid, electrolyte, and temperature disturbances. Often, the etiology of erythroderma is difficult to quickly identify in the neonate, as there is significant clinical overlap between causative entities. Furthermore, rapid definitive diagnostic tests are lacking. Herein we provide a review of the specific clinical features and diagnostic tests, which can aid in making a correct diagnosis. Skin care for the erythrodermic infant is also discussed. We encourage subspecialist consultation when appropriate to aid in the evaluation, especially when initial testing is nondiagnostic.

Keywords: psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, cutaneous candidiasis

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