Back to Journals » Drug Design, Development and Therapy » Volume 12

nab-Paclitaxel/carboplatin in elderly patients with advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer: a retrospective analysis of a Phase III trial

Authors Gridelli C, Chen T, Ko A, O'Brien ME, Ong TJ, Socinski MA, Postmus PE

Received 1 November 2017

Accepted for publication 21 February 2018

Published 24 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1445—1451


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sukesh Voruganti

Cesare Gridelli,1 Tianlei Chen,2 Amy Ko,2 Mary E O’Brien,3 Teng Jin Ong,4 Mark A Socinski,5 Pieter E Postmus6

1Division of Medical Oncology, S. G. Moscati Hospital, Avellino, Italy; 2Biostatistics, Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA; 3Medical Oncology, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, UK; 4Medical Affairs, Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA; 5Lung Cancer & Esophageal Cancer, Florida Hospital Cancer Institute, Orlando, FL, USA; 6Pulmonary Diseases, Clatterbridge Cancer Center, Liverpool, UK

Background: Limited data on elderly patients with squamous advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) preclude optimal treatment. Here, we report the outcomes of a retrospective analysis of a subset of patients ≥70 years with squamous histology from the Phase III trial that evaluated nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin vs paclitaxel/carboplatin.
Patients and methods: Patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC received (1:1) nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 or paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 on day 1, both with carboplatin area under the curve 6 mg×min/mL on day 1 every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was independently assessed overall response rate as per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v1.0. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety.
Results: Sixty-five patients ≥70 years with squamous histology were included (nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin, n=35; paclitaxel/carboplatin, n=30). nab-Paclitaxel/carboplatin vs paclitaxel/carboplatin, respectively, resulted in an overall response rate of 46% vs 20% (response rate ratio, 2.29, P=0.029) and a median overall survival of 16.9 vs 8.6 months (hazard ratio, 0.50, P=0.018). No difference was observed in median progression-free survival (5.7 months for both). Incidences of grade 3/4 neutropenia (50% vs 63%), leukopenia (29% vs 37%), fatigue (3% vs 13%), and peripheral neuropathy (3% vs 13%) were lower, but those of thrombocytopenia (21% vs 10%) and anemia (21% vs 7%) were higher with nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin vs paclitaxel/carboplatin.
Conclusion: nab-Paclitaxel/carboplatin was efficacious and tolerable in patients ≥70 years with squamous NSCLC. These results build upon prior analyses, indicating that nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin is effective for this difficult-to-treat patient subgroup.

Keywords: taxanes, comorbidities, age, chemotherapy, histology

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]