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Multiple Approaches for Managing Complex Ophthalmic Blunt Trauma: A Case Report

Authors Irawati Y, Soedarman S, Arianti A, Widyasari A, Reksodiputro MH

Received 28 January 2021

Accepted for publication 12 March 2021

Published 31 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 205—210


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Yunia Irawati,1,2 Soefiandi Soedarman,3 Alia Arianti,4 Amira Widyasari,5 Mirta Hediyati Reksodiputro6

1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; 2Orbital and Oculoplastic Service, JEC Eye Hospitals and Clinics, Jakarta, Indonesia; 3Vitreo-Retina Service, JEC Eye Hospitals and Clinics, Jakarta, Indonesia; 4Neuro-Ophthalmology Service, JEC Eye Hospitals and Clinics, Jakarta, Indonesia; 5Research, JEC Eye Hospitals and Clinics, Jakarta, Indonesia; 6Division of Plastic Reconstruction, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence: Yunia Irawati
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jalan Kimia No. 8, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia
Tel +62 816789595
Fax +62 2131934878
Email [email protected]

Introduction: Ophthalmic trauma is defined as injuries affecting the ocular structures, including the globe, eyelid, lacrimal system, and surrounding orbital walls. Blunt trauma acts as the leading cause of injury and it may affect both the anterior and posterior parts of the globe. Prompt diagnosis, early management, and sustained follow-up are mandatory for an optimal outcome.
Purpose: This report presents a one-step surgery management process for an intricate case of blunt facial trauma with complex ophthalmic and nasal injury.
Patients and Methods: A 45-year-old male with blunt force trauma of the left eye from a wooden block, suffered from naso-orbital-ethmoidal fractures, eyelid laceration with canalicular, close-globe injuries of traumatic cataract and vitreous hemorrhage with retinal detachment. A simultaneous one-step surgery was performed by a trauma team of ophthalmological and ENT surgeons during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic to lessen the risk of cross-transmission. After ruling out the possibility of open-globe rupture, traumatic cataract extraction, retinal detachment surgery, the repair of an eyelid laceration with canalicular involvement, and septorhinoplasty were performed on concomitantly.
Results: Anatomical success was achieved for the repair of the nasoorbitoethmoidal (NOE) type II fracture and close-globe injuries, including the anatomical reattachment of the retina. However, the functional outcome remained unsatisfactory. Visual acuity failed to show further improvement at a later follow-up. Traumatic optic neuropathy was, at the final follow-up, considered to be the cause of the suboptimal visual acuity.
Conclusion: A single-step multi-procedure for a complex ophthalmic blunt trauma, as demonstrated in this case, may be beneficial for reducing the complications that might arise due to treatment delay. The complex nature of the injury, however, creates the higher possibility for residual post-operative complications. Risks of residual functional impairment should be considered in such complex trauma prior to surgery, to determine the surgical prognostic value and provide appropriate consent to the patient.

Keywords: facial injury, ocular trauma, blunt trauma, closed-globe injury, nasal fracture, canalicular laceration

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