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Miswak users’ behavior model based on the theory of planned behavior in the country with the largest Muslim population

Authors Bramantoro T, Karimah N, Sosiawan A, Setijanto RD, Berniyanti T, Palupi R, Wening GRS

Received 2 February 2018

Accepted for publication 9 May 2018

Published 11 July 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 141—148

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S164403

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri


Taufan Bramantoro,1 Navilah Karimah,2 Agung Sosiawan,1 Raden Darmawan Setijanto,1 Titiek Berniyanti,1 Retno Palupi,1 Gilang Rasuna Sabdho Wening1

1Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; 2Dental Medicine Program, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Background: Maintaining proper oral hygiene has an influence on oral health. Religious obedience may influence individual behavior. According to Islamic religious guidance, as recommended by an Islamic role model, it is obligated to maintain oral health and the recommended tool to use is miswak.
Purpose: To describe miswak users’ behavior based on the theory of planned behavior.
Subjects and methods: The population of this study was the students of As-Salafi Al-Fitrah Islamic Boarding School who used miswak regularly and were healthy physically and mentally. One hundred and nine samples were chosen randomly and asked to complete a semi-open and a closed-ended questionnaire.
Results: Perceived behavioral control had the most dominant influence toward improving intention with β=0.211 and p<0.05. In contrast, attitude and subjective norms had less influence toward improving intention with β=0.190 and p>0.05, and β=0.164 and p<0.0001, respectively. Meanwhile, perceived behavioral control showed direct correlation toward action in model parameter with β=0.445 and p<0.0001.
Conclusion: Perceived behavioral control is the most dominant predisposing factor in increasing intention and attitude of miswak use.

Keywords: attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, intention, miswak use

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