Melatonin receptor stimulation by agomelatine prevents Aβ-induced tau phosphorylation and oxidative damage in PC12 cells
Authors Yao K, Zhao Y, Zu H
Received 5 August 2018
Accepted for publication 21 December 2018
Published 21 January 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 387—396
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Cristiana Tanase
Kai Yao, Yong-fei Zhao, Heng-bing Zu
Department of Neurology, Jinshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, China
Purpose: As a novel antidepressant drug, agomelatine has good therapeutic effect on the mood disorder and insomnia in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Recent studies have shown the neuroprotective function of agomelatine, including anti-oxidative and anti-apoptosis effect. However, it remains unclear whether agomelatine exerts neuroprotection in AD. Thus, the neuroprotective effect of agomelatine against amyloid beta 25–35 (Aβ25–35)-induced toxicity in PC12 cells was evaluated in this study.
Methods: The concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA), LDH, and ROS was investigated to evaluate oxidative damage. The expression of P-tau, tau, PTEN, P-Akt, Akt, P-GSK3β, and GSK3β proteins was assessed by Western blotting. Our results demonstrated that Aβ25–35 significantly increased the content of MDA, LDH, and ROS. Meanwhile, Aβ25–35 upregulated the expression of P-tau and PTEN as well as downregulated P-Akt and P-GSK3β expression. These effects could be blocked by agomelatine pretreatment. Furthermore, luzindole, the melatonin receptor (MT) antagonist, could reverse the neuroprotective effect of agomelatine.
Conclusion: The results demonstrated that antidepressant agomelatine might prevent the tau protein phosphorylation and oxidative damage induced by Aβ25–35 in PC12 cells by activating MT-PTEN/Akt/GSK3β signaling. This study provided a novel therapeutic target for AD in the future.
Keywords: agomelatine, Alzheimer’s disease, oxidative stress, tau hyperphosphorylation
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