Meckel’s diverticulum: misdiagnosis and late presentation
Asma Mian,1 Nasir Butt,1 Frederic Bertino,1 Erik Shipley,1 R Shane Tubbs,2 Marios Loukas1
1Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St George’s University, Grenada, West Indies; 2Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, AL, USA
Abstract: Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is a congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, occurring due to the incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric duct during embryogenesis. Depending on the patient’s age and symptomatology at presentation, scintigraphy is often the initial test of choice to detect MD. However, an increased incidence of false positive and negative tests has made MD difficult to diagnose in older children as well as in adults. MD can present in the older population with symptoms such as GI bleeding and anemia, which may mimic other GI pathologies, such as appendicitis, Crohn’s disease, and Littré’s hernia. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of symptomatic diverticula are vital to the prevention of complications, such as malignancy. The management of symptomatic MD is accomplished through diverticulectomy. Robijn et al proposed a scoring system based on the evaluation of the risk of complications of a nonresected MD against the complications that arise from resection. They suggested that patients with an asymptomatic MD and a risk score < 6 should be left alone, while a risk score > 6 indicates the need for resection. The aim of this study was to provide a review of the literature on MD, with an emphasis on the late presentation and misdiagnosis of this congenital anomaly.
Keywords: congenital anomaly, omphalomesenteric duct, vitelline duct, GI bleeding, appendicitis, Crohn’s disease
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF]