Low Back Pain Among Nurses Working at Public Hospitals in Eastern Ethiopia
Received 28 March 2020
Accepted for publication 23 May 2020
Published 8 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1349—1357
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert B. Raffa
Gelana Fekadu Mijena,1 Biftu Geda,2 Merga Dheresa,1 Sagni Girma Fage1
1School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Nursing, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Meda Welabu University, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Sagni Girma Fage
School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 235, Harar, Ethiopia
, Tel +251 919231902
Objective: This study assessed the prevalence of low back pain and factors associated with it among nurses working at public hospitals in eastern Ethiopia.
Materials and Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 1 to March 20, 2018 among randomly selected 404 nurses working in public hospitals of Harari region and Dire Dawa city administration. Six trained nurses collected the data through a self-administered data collection technique. All variables that yield p< 0.25 in bivariable logistic regression were subjects for multivariable logistic regression analysis. The direction and strength of statistical association were measured by odds ratio with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Finally, statistical significance was declared at p < 0.05.
Results: The 12-month prevalence of low back pain was 38.1% [95% CI: 32.7– 42.7%]. It was more prevalent among females (65%). More than 5 years of work experience [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) =3.135; 95% CI (1.292– 7.605)], manual lifting of weight > 10kg [AOR=5.260; 95% CI (1.869– 14.805)] and working in awkward posture [AOR=3.93; 95% CI (1.109– 13.924)] were variables significantly associated with low back pain among nurses.
Conclusion: About two in five nurses working at public hospitals in Harari region and Dire Dawa city administration were suffering from low back pain. So, tailored intervention is needed to prevent nurses from further injury and retain experienced nurses.
Keywords: low back pain, nurses, public hospitals, eastern Ethiopia
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