Inflammatory bowel diseases: time of diagnosis, environmental factors, clinical course, and management – a follow-up study in a private inflammatory bowel disease center (2003–2017)
Received 15 October 2018
Accepted for publication 22 January 2019
Published 28 May 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 127—135
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Ning Quan
DB Cury,1 R Oliveira,2 MS Cury3
1Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Scope Clinic, Campo Grande/MS, Brazil; 2Biostatistics, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 3Advanced Endoscopy Center, Scope Clinic, Campo Grande/MS, Brazil
Background: The governmental program of Brazilian Unified National Health System has already published studies on the incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), but up until now, there have been no epidemiological studies in private centers in Brazil. However, these diseases tend to affect people from a higher socioeconomic class, mainly in the capital of MS state that has the third highest GDP in Brazil.
Objectives: The aim was to analyze an observational, descriptive study of an IBD database in a private center including: the side, behavior of the disease and medical management, the association of extra-intestinal manifestations, and the main clinical symptoms which led to the investigation and diagnosis of IBD.
Patients and methods: A cohort study was developed in which data of all patients with IBD were analyzed with SPSS software in a constructed electronic database.
Results: Of 329 patients, 212 (64.4%) had Crohn’s disease (CD) and 117 (35.6%) had ulcerative colitis (UC). Average age at diagnosis of CD was 36.19 (±14.33) and of UC was 41.61 (±15.37). An amount of 50.05% of the patients with CD and 72.7% (P<0.001) with UC were female. We have observed that concerning the first symptoms, diahrrea and blood feces corresponded to 70% in UC while in CD 50% of the patients presented diahrrea with blood feces, loss of weight corresponded to 50% and only diahrrea 25%. (P<0.001). Anti-TNFs corresponded to 56.2% being more frequent in CD 0.001%. CD patients used biologic therapy and antibiotics more frequently than those with UC. In conclusion, IBD is also frequent in private health care centers in Brazil; women are most affected. Symptoms such as diarrhea and bleeding, as well as diarrhea and weight loss, must be taken as warning signs to investigate for inflammatory disease. The use of biologic therapies is frequent in referral centers when patients have severe disease.
Keywords: Crohn’s disease, ulcerative Colitis, alert symptoms, behavior, anti-TNF, extra-intestinal manifestations
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