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Importance of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) in various administration routes and future perspectives

Authors Melike Üner, Gülgün Yener

Published 15 October 2007 Volume 2007:2(3) Pages 289—300

Melike Üner, Gülgün Yener

Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Beyazit 34119 Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) have been reported to be an alternative system to emulsions, liposomes, microparticles and their polymeric counterparts for various application routes since the early 1990s due to their advantages. Various research groups have also increasingly focused on improving their stability in body fluids after administration by coating of particles with hydrophilic molecules such as poly(ethylene)glycol (PEG) derivatives. Altering surface characteristics by coating SLN with hydrophilic molecules improves plasma stability and biodistribution, and subsequent bioavailability of drugs entrapped. Their storage stability is also increased. This paper basicly reviews types of SLN, principles of drug loading and models of drug incorporation. The influence of PEG coating on particle size and surface characteristics is discussed followed by alteration in pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of drugs in order to target the site of action via SLN. The future direction of research and clinical implications of SLN is also considered.

Keywords: solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, drug incorporation models, particle size, surface characteristics, PEG coating, drug release