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High expression of NUCB2 promotes papillary thyroid cancer cells proliferation and invasion

Authors Zhao J, Yun X, Ruan X, Chi J, Yu Y, Li Y, Zheng X, Gao M

Received 20 August 2018

Accepted for publication 31 December 2018

Published 18 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1309—1318


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Federico Perche

Jingzhu Zhao,* Xinwei Yun,* Xianhui Ruan, Jiadong Chi, Yang Yu, Yigong Li, Xiangqian Zheng, Ming Gao

Department of Thyroid and Neck Tumor, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, PR China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: NUCB2, a novel multifunctional protein containing several functional domains, was newly found to play important roles in many cancers, but its role in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is not well investigated. Therefore, our study was performed to explore the functions of NUCB2 in PTC.
Methods: NUCB2 protein level was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Data analyses were made by performing chi-squared test. Quantitative reverse-transcription PCR, Western blot, colony formation, MTT, and transwell invasion assays were performed to test the expression levels and functions of NUCB2 in PTC.
Results: In PTC tissues, NUCB2 protein expression level was positively correlated with extrathyroidal extension, TNM stage, and tumor size of PTC patients. In vitro experiments demonstrated that knockdown of NUCB2 using specific shRNA for NUCB2 significantly impaired cell proliferation and invasion of PTC cell lines. In vivo, silencing of NUCB2 inhibited the growth of tumors in mice.
Conclusion: These results suggested a novel function of NUCB2 in the process of proliferation and invasion in PTC. NUCB2 may be considered a potent prognostic factor in PTC.

Keywords: NUCB2, papillary thyroid cancer, proliferation, invasion

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