Expression of phospholipase A2 receptor and IgG4 in patients with membranous nephropathy
Authors Liu L, Chang B, Wu X, Guo Y, Pan Y, Yang L
Received 26 December 2017
Accepted for publication 9 March 2018
Published 29 May 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 103—108
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Amudha Kadirvelu
Lei Liu,1 Baochao Chang,1 Xueping Wu,1 Yaling Guo,1 Yan Pan,1 Lijuan Yang2
1Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Physiology, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
Objectives: The aims of this study were to detect the expression of M phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in the kidney tissue of patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), secondary membranous nephropathy (SMN), and the nonmembranous nephropathy (non-MN), to evaluate the value of PLA2R in the kidney tissue and serum anti-PLA2R antibody in the diagnosis of membranous nephropathy (MN), and to explore the relationship between PLA2R of the kidney tissue or serum anti-PLA2R antibody and clinical features of MN.
Methods: The kidney tissue was collected by kidney biopsy. Immunofluorescence assay was used to detect the level of PLA2R and IgG4 antigen in kidney tissue. Furthermore, the level of the PLA2R was detected using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The positive and negative rates of PLA2R and IgG4 in different diseases and the sensitivity and specificity, were calculated using the statistical method. The specificity and coincidence rate of PLA2R or anti-PLA2R used in the differential diagnosis of IMN and SMN were evaluated.
Results: The expression intensities of anti-PLA2R antibody and IgG4 were significantly higher in patients with IMN than in patients with SMN but are not non-MN. There was no significant difference in anti-PLA2R antibody and IgG4 in patients with SMN and non-MN. The coincidence rate of serum anti-PLA2R antibody and PLA2R in kidney tissue was 100%.
Conclusion: The expression of PLA2R and IgG4 antibody had great significance in the pathological diagnosis of MN. The detection of the serum anti-PLA2R antibody had great diagnostic value in diagnosing MN.
Keywords: membranous nephropathy, PLA2R, IgG4
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