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Expression of gluconeogenic enzymes and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in liver of diabetic mice after acute exercise

Authors Brust K, Corbell K, Al-Nakkash L, Babu JR, Broderick T

Received 8 July 2014

Accepted for publication 20 August 2014

Published 21 October 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 495—504


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Korie B Brust,1 Kathryn A Corbell,2 Layla Al-Nakkash,2 Jeganathan Ramesh Babu,3 Tom L Broderick2,4

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USA; 2Department of Physiology, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USA; 3Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 4Laboratory of Diabetes and Exercise Metabolism, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USA

Abstract: During acute exercise, normoglycemia is maintained by a precise match between hepatic glucose production and its peripheral utilization. This is met by a complex interplay of hepatic responses and glucose uptake by muscle. However, the effect of a single bout of exercise on hepatic gluconeogenesis, corticosterone (CORT) secretion, and glucose homeostasis in the db/db mouse model of type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. Diabetic db/db and lean control littermates were subjected to a 30 minute session of treadmill running and sacrificed either immediately after exercise or 8 hours later. Plasma glucose levels were markedly increased in db/db mice after exercise, whereas no change in glucose was observed in lean mice. Post-exercise measurements revealed that plasma CORT levels were also significantly increased in db/db mice compared to lean mice. Plasma hypothalamic corticotropin releasing hormone and pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were reciprocally decreased in both db/db and lean mice after exercise, indicating intact feedback mechanisms. Protein expression, determined by Western blot analysis, of the glucocorticoid receptor in liver was significantly increased in db/db mice subjected to prior exercise. In liver of db/db mice, a significant increase in the expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase was noted compared to lean mice after exercise. However, no change in the expression of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) α or β was observed in db/db mice. Expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 was increased significantly in db/db mice compared to lean mice after exercise. Our results show differences in plasma glucose and protein expression of gluconeogenic enzymes after acute exercise between lean and diabetic db/db mice. The db/db diabetic mouse is hyperglycemic after acute exercise. This hyperglycemic state may be explained, in part, by enhanced endogenous CORT secretion and regulated hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 protein expression.

Keywords: diabetes, exercise, corticosterone, glucocorticoid receptor, PEPCK, 11βHSD1

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