Evaluation of sexual function in Brazilian women with and without chronic pelvic pain
Received 13 June 2018
Accepted for publication 2 October 2018
Published 8 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 2761—2767
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Katherine Hanlon
Rosa Azevedo Da Luz,1 José Miguel de Deus,1,2 Ana LR Valadares,3 Délio Marques Conde2
1Women’s Health Unit, Teaching Hospital, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil; 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil; 3Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate sexual function in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) compared to a control group without CPP and to investigate the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in women with CPP.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 100 women with CPP and 100 controls. Sexual function was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and depression and anxiety using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A generalized linear model was used to compare the groups with respect to the overall FSFI score and the scores obtained for each FSFI domain. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with sexual dysfunction in the study group.
Results: Anxiety was present in 66.0% of women with CPP in the study group compared to 49.0% of the controls (P=0.022). Depression was detected in 63.0% of women with CPP in the study group and in 38.0% of the controls (P=0.001). Sexual dysfunction was identified in 81.0% of the women with CPP in the study group compared to 58.0% of the controls (P=0.003). Following adjustment, the women with CPP had significantly lower mean scores compared to the controls in the FSFI domains of desire (3.0±1.3 vs 3.6±1.3; P=0.038), arousal (2.6±1.6 vs 3.4±1.9; P=0.002), lubrication (3.2±1.9 vs 3.7±2.3; P=0.011), orgasm (3.0±1.9 vs 3.6±2.2; P<0.002), and pain (2.5±1.7 vs 3.4±2.2; P<0.001). There was no difference between the groups for the satisfaction domain (P=0.337) or for the overall score (P=0.252). A positive and independent association was found between depression and sexual dysfunction in the women with CPP (P=0.012).
Conclusion: In the women with CPP, sexual dysfunction was more common, and the scores in most of the sexual function domains were poorer than in the control group. Concurrently, depression was found to be positively associated with sexual dysfunction in the women with CPP.
Keywords: pain, orgasm, sexual dysfunction, depression, sexuality
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