Enucleation following treatment with intravenous pentamidine for Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis
Rebecca A Kuennen, Reynell Harder Smith, Thomas F Mauger, Elson Craig
Department of Ophthalmology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Purpose: To describe the course and outcome of treatment of advanced Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis with intravenous pentamidine.
Methods: A case of advanced Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis was resistant to conventional therapy and was treated with intravenous pentamidine. The eye was later removed due to incapacitating pain.
Results: The eye showed Acanthamoeba organisms within the cornea and evidence of acute and chronic inflammation throughout the remainder of the eye. The patient has survived without orbital recurrence for 2 years.
Conclusions: This case demonstrates late inflammation with active Acanthameoba keratitis following systemic pentamidine therapy.
Keywords: keratitis, scleritis
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