Effects of relative negative spherical aberration in single vision contact lens visual performance
Received 31 May 2017
Accepted for publication 16 November 2017
Published 11 January 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 9—17
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Mr Simon Berry
Danny Kho,1 Cathleen Fedtke,1,2 Daniel Tilia,1,2 Jennie Diec,1 Jennifer Sha,1 Varghese Thomas,1 Ravi C Bakaraju1,2
1Brien Holden Vision Institute, Clinical Trial Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Objective: The study aimed to compare the visual performance of contact lenses with and without negative spherical aberration (SA) over 5 days of wear.
Methods: At baseline, 32 myopic participants (aged 18–33 years) were fitted in a randomized order with two lenses (test lens with minimal or no SA and 1-Day Acuvue Moist designed with negative SA) for 5 days (minimum 6 hours wear/day). Participants returned for a follow-up visit. This consisted of on-axis SA measurements; high- and low-contrast visual acuities at 6 m; high-contrast acuities at 70 and 40 cm; low-illumination, low-contrast acuity at 6 m; stereopsis at 40 cm; horizontal phorias at 3 m and 33 cm; and ±2.00 D monocular accommodative facility at 33 cm. Participants also rated (1–10 scale) vision quality (clarity and lack of ghosting for distance, intermediate, near, driving vision and vision stability during day- and night-time), overall vision satisfaction, ocular comfort, and willingness to purchase (yes/no response).
Results: 1-Day Acuvue Moist induced significantly (p<0.05) more negative SA at distance (∆=0.078 μm) and near (∆=0.064 μm) compared to the test lens, for a 6 mm pupil. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in acuity, binocular vision, and all subjective metrics except vision stability between lenses where the test lens was rated to provide more stable vision (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Contrary to expectations, incorporating negative SA in single vision soft contact lenses did not improve visual performance in non-presbyopic adult myopes.
Keywords: soft contact lens, spherical aberration, power profile, visual acuity
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