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Effects of a new combination of nutraceuticals on postmenopausal symptoms and metabolic profile: a crossover, randomized, double-blind trial

Authors Trimarco V, Rozza F, Izzo R, De Leo V, Cappelli V, Riccardi C, Di Carlo C

Received 28 June 2016

Accepted for publication 23 August 2016

Published 11 October 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 581—587

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S115948

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Leyla Bahar

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer


Valentina Trimarco,1 Francesco Rozza,2 Raffaele Izzo,3 Vincenzo De Leo,4 Valentina Cappelli,4 Carla Riccardi,1 Costantino Di Carlo1

1Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, 2Department of Biomedical Sciences, 3Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, 4Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Objectives:
This study was designed to measure the beneficial effects of a combination of nutraceutics (NUT; AkP04, Morestril®, Akademy Pharma) containing soy isoflavones (80 mg), dry extract of Angelica sinensis (50 mg), dry extract of Morus alba leaf (200 mg) and magnesium (56.25 mg) in the relief of somatic, psychological, and urogenital symptoms in postmenopausal patients, using the validated Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) and cardiovascular risk factors.
Materials and methods: A total of 43 symptomatic postmenopausal women (MRS ≥20) were enrolled in a crossover trial. After a 2-week run-in period, patients were randomized into two arms. One arm received probiotics plus placebo over 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week treatment with probiotics plus NUT. The second arm received probiotics plus NUT for 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week treatment with probiotics plus placebo.
Results: After the NUT period, participants showed a significant reduction in MRS score (18.4±5.4) in comparison to baseline (28.4±5) and the placebo period (28±5.2) (P<0.0001 for both comparisons). Furthermore, at the end of the active-treatment period, we observed a significant reduction in triglycerides, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol plasma levels and an increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol plasma concentration versus baseline and versus placebo (all P<0.04). Moreover, during the NUT period, we detected a significant reduction in diastolic blood pressure in comparison to baseline, but not in comparison to the placebo period.
Conclusion: This NUT combination was effective for the relief of menopause symptoms in postmenopausal patients and improved their cardiovascular risk profile.

Keywords: menopause, hot flushes, lipid profile, cholesterol, phytoestrogens, soy isoflavones, cardiovascular risk

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