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Effectiveness of prophylactic intravitreal bevacizumab injection to proliferative diabetic retinopathy patients with elevated preoperative intraocular VEGF in preventing complications after vitrectomy

Authors Tsubota K, Usui Y, Wakabayashi Y, Suzuki J, Ueda S, Goto H

Received 2 February 2019

Accepted for publication 12 June 2019

Published 28 June 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1063—1070

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S203921

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Kinya Tsubota, Yoshihiko Usui, Yoshihiro Wakabayashi, Jun Suzuki, Shunichiro Ueda, Hiroshi Goto

Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Purpose: This study aimed to elucidate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injections for the prevention of post-vitrectomy complications in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) patients with elevated vitreous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentration.
Design: Prospective case series.
Methods: Thirty-three patients (42 eyes) with PDR who underwent primary vitrectomy in the Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital were studied. We measured VEGF concentrations in vitreous humor collected at the time of vitrectomy using ELISA. IVB injections were performed after vitrectomy in patients with vitreous VEGF levels exceeding 1,000 pg/mL. New bleeding occurring within 1 month of vitrectomy was defined as early vitreous hemorrhage (VH).
Main outcome measure: The incidence of complications after vitrectomy including postoperative early VH.
Results: IVB injections were administered to 11 eyes (26%) with vitreous VEGF concentrations exceeding 1,000 pg/mL. None of the 11 eyes that received an IVB injection developed early VH. Among 31 eyes (74%) with vitreous VEGF concentrations lower than 1,000 pg/mL, two eyes (6%) developed early VH after vitrectomy.
Conclusions: Prophylactic IVB injections administered to patients with elevated preoperative intraocular VEGF concentrations were effective in preventing post-vitrectomy early VH.

Keywords: diabetic retinopathy, VEGF, vitreous hemorrhage, intravitreal bevacizumab injection

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