Effectiveness of a participatory eye care program in reducing eye strain among staff computer users in Thailand
Authors Lertwisuttipaiboon S, Pumpaibool T, Neeser KJ, Kasetsuwan N
Received 20 February 2017
Accepted for publication 12 April 2017
Published 11 May 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 71—80
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau
Sudaw Lertwisuttipaiboon,1 Tepanata Pumpaibool,1 Karl J Neeser,1 Ngamjit Kasetsuwan2
1College of Public Health Sciences, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Background: The increased usage of computers results in a variety of health problems, particularly eye strain, which is the most common workplace complaint today.
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory eye care (PEC) program by comparing eye care knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), as well as eye strain symptoms in staff computer users at Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Thailand.
Methods: A participatory approach was held by organizing a meeting of 26 stakeholders to get opinions for developing the PEC program. The developed PEC program consisted of 3-hour training course on eye strain, rest breaks for 30 seconds every 30 minutes of computer use, and 15-minute rest break (in the morning and the afternoon) with integrated eye–neck exercises. Then, a quasi-experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the PEC program. A total of 35 staff computer users enrolled in each of intervention and control groups for 8 weeks. Chi-square test and repeated measures analysis of variance were used for comparison of eye strain symptoms and the KAP scores.
Results: The intervention was associated with reduction in percentage of eye strain. Significant differences were found between the intervention and the control groups at follow-up 1 (χ2=18.529, p-value <0.001) and follow-up 2 (χ2=18.651, p-value <0.001). The PEC program likely increased the beneficial effect on KAP scores between the groups and between times (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The findings currently provide evidence to support a practical program developed through a participatory approach, which both researchers and computer users could apply to reduce eye strain.
Keywords: participatory program, eye strain, computer users
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