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Effectiveness of a Health Talk Education Program on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Knowledge, Attitudes, and Intentions to Vaccinate Children Among Mothers of Secondary School Boys in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam

Authors Nguyen Minh D, Taneepanichskul N, Hajek R

Received 24 April 2020

Accepted for publication 14 July 2020

Published 18 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1207—1214


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto

Video abstract presented by Nguyen Minh Duc.

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Duc Nguyen Minh,1,2 Nutta Taneepanichskul,1 Richard Hajek3

1Colleges of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Hue Central Hospital, Hue City, Vietnam; 3MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence: Nutta Taneepanichskul Colleges of Public Health Sciences
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Tel +66 02-218-8197

Background: The incidence of cancer related to human papillomavirus (HPV) that affects males is rising throughout the world. Currently, Vietnamese boys are typically not vaccinated against HPV while girls are. There are only a few studies pertaining to HPV vaccination among boys in Asian countries where parents play the most important role in deciding on such vaccination. We present here the first study to assess the effectiveness of a health talk education program on HPV knowledge, attitudes and intention to vaccinate children among mothers of secondary school students in the Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study. Two secondary schools in the Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam were selected by purposive sampling. A total of 288 mothers of male students of two secondary schools were selected to participate, n=144 as controls and n=144 for the intervention arm for every school. Mothers of male students were invited to answer interview questions. The questionnaires covered social demographics, health history, HPV knowledge and HPV vaccination perception and intention. The study ran from September 2019 to January 2020.
Results: In total, 279 mothers finished the questionnaires. At the baseline, HPV knowledge in both groups was at the same level (p> 0.05). One month after receiving the HPV health talk education, mothers of male students had much higher HPV knowledge than those who did not receive such HPV health talk education. The intervention group also had a much higher HPV vaccination intention than the control group (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Health education was shown in this study to be an effective method to increase HPV knowledge and vaccination intention among mothers of boys in Vietnam.

Keywords: health talk education, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, perception, intention, Vietnam

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