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Domestic violence and its association with pre-term or low birthweight delivery in Vietnam

Authors Vo TM, Tran VTN, Cuu TNT, Do TTH, Le TM

Received 21 May 2019

Accepted for publication 1 August 2019

Published 27 August 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 501—510

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S216608

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Nicola Ludin

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer


Tuan M Vo,1 Vy TN Tran,1 Thanh NT Cuu,2 Trang TH Do,3 Thi M Le4,5

1Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, Tu Du Obstetric and Gynecology Hospital, Hochiminh City, Vietnam; 3Faculty of Environmental Health, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam; 4Department of Population and Reproductive Health, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam; 5School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Correspondence: Thi M Le
Hanoi University of Public Health, 1A Duc Thang, Bac Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam
Email lmt@huph.edu.vn

Objective: To examine the association between various types of domestic violence (DV) during pregnancy (emotional violence, physical violence, and sexual violence) and pre-term or low birthweight delivery in women living in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in ten districts of Ho Chi Minh city during the period of January 1, 2015–July 4, 2016, with 1,099 women aged 18–49 years old who had delivered at least one child within the past 2years and were living in Ho Chi Minh city.
Results: DV prevalence during pregnancy among women aged 18–49 years in Ho Chi Minh city was 23.4%. Emotional violence accounted for 16.8%; physical violence 7.3%, and sexual violence 12.4%. Results of multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that DV during pregnancy was associated with a 1.44-times increased risk of pre-term or/and low birthweight delivery (POR=1.44, 95% CI=1.04–1.99).
Conclusion: Domestic violence during pregnancy was associated with increased risk of pre-term/low birthweight delivery in Vietnamese women. These findings suggest the need for DV screening during antenatal care. Once DV is detected, the victims should be provided with counseling services and referred to available local support services so that they are provided with timely intervention.

Keywords: domestic violence, pre-term birth, low-birthweight delivery, Vietnam

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