Does the type of suturing technique used affect astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in keratoconus patients?
Banu Torun Acar, Ece Turan Vural, Suphi Acar
Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
Purpose: To compare the effect of three different suturing techniques on astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in patients with keratoconus.
Methods: In this retrospective study, 54 eyes of 54 patients with advanced keratoconus underwent DALK with three suturing techniques: single running, interrupted running, and combined interrupted and running. Postkeratoplasty astigmatism was evaluated during examinations 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively and 2 months after completing suture removal.
Results: Twenty-four eyes had single running sutures, 16 eyes had interrupted sutures, and in 14 eyes the suturing technique used was combined interrupted and running sutures. Mean age was 25.6 ± 5.9 years, 27.3 ± 6.8 years, and 26.5 ± 5.7 years (P = 0.422), and postoperative astigmatism 1 month after surgery was 3.79 ± 1.19 D, 5.56 ± 1.78 D, and 4.21 ± 1.55 D in the three groups, respectively (P = 0.012). However, 2 months after completing the suture removal, final postoperative astigmatism was 3.43 ± 1.44 D, 3.87 ± 1.38 D, and 3.71 ± 1.46 D (P = 0.846). Final astigmatism less than 4 D was seen in 18 cases (75%) in the single running group, nine cases (56.2%) in the interrupted running group, and nine cases (64.2%) in the combined interrupted and running group (P = 0.08).
Conclusion: Postkeratoplasty astigmatism is comparable with three different suturing techniques used in patients with keratoconus after completing suture removal in DALK. Due to earlier suture removal in DALK, the type of suturing technique used is not considerably important.
Keywords: astigmatism, deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty, suturing technique
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