Dissociative states in borderline personality disorder and their relationships to psychotropic medication
Received 4 July 2018
Accepted for publication 24 September 2018
Published 23 November 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 3253—3257
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Ondrej Pec,1,2 Petr Bob,1,3 Jakub Simek,1 Jiri Raboch1
1Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and UHSL, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; 2Psychotherapeutic and Psychosomatic Clinic ESET, Prague, Czech Republic; 3Central European Institute of Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Background: According to recent data, dissociation may play an important role in borderline personality disorder (BPD), nevertheless specific influences of psychotropic medication on dissociative symptoms in BPD and their therapeutic indications are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess relationships of dissociative symptoms in BPD patients with levels of psychotropic medication and compare these results with a subgroup of patients with schizophrenia.
Materials and methods: In this study, we investigated 52 BPD patients and compared the results with a control group of 36 schizophrenia patients. In all participants, we assessed actual day doses of antipsychotic medication in chlorpromazine equivalents and antidepressant medication in fluoxetine equivalents. Dissociative symptoms were measured by Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and other psychopathological symptoms were measured using Health of the Nation Outcome Scales.
Results: Results indicate that dissociative symptoms measured by DES were significantly correlated with antipsychotic medication (Spearman R=0.45, P<0.01) in chlorpromazine equivalents and antidepressant medication in fluoxetine equivalents (0.36, P<0.01). These relationships between medication and dissociative symptoms were not found in the control group of schizophrenia patients.
Conclusion: The results suggest that levels of antipsychotic medication and antidepressant medication are significantly associated with dissociative symptoms in BPD but not in schizophrenia.
Keywords: dissociation, stress, antipsychotics, antidepressants
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