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Development of a self-scored persistent airflow obstruction screening questionnaire in a general Japanese population: the Hisayama study

Authors Samukawa T, Matsumoto K, Tsukuya G, Koriyama C, Fukuyama S, Uchida A, Mizuno K, Miyahara H, Kiyohara Y, Ninomiya T, Inoue H

Received 16 December 2016

Accepted for publication 3 April 2017

Published 15 May 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1469—1481


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Takuya Samukawa,1,* Koichiro Matsumoto,2,* Go Tsukuya,1 Chihaya Koriyama,3 Satoru Fukuyama,2 Akifumi Uchida,1 Keiko Mizuno,1 Hironori Miyahara,4 Yutaka Kiyohara,5 Toshiharu Ninomiya,6 Hiromasa Inoue1

1Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, 2Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 3Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 4Kagoshima Kouseiren Medical Health Care Center, Kagoshima, 5Hisayama Research Institute for Lifestyle Diseases, 6Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: The use of a simple screening questionnaire to detect persistent airflow obstruction (AO) in COPD may facilitate the early, accurate diagnosis of COPD in general practice settings.
Objective: This study developed an original persistent AO questionnaire for screening individuals with COPD in a general Japanese population.
Methods: A working group was established to generate initial draft questionnaire items about COPD. Eligible subjects aged 40 and older living in Japan were solicited to participate in a health checkup from 2014 to 2015. In study I, 2,338 subjects who fully completed the initial draft questionnaire and who had valid spirometry measurements were statistically analyzed to determine the final questionnaire items as a COPD screening questionnaire (COPD-Q). Persistent AO was defined as a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC <0.70. In study II, the working group analyzed the weighted scores for individual items and established a cutoff point for the COPD-Q based on the data of 2,066 subjects in the Hisayama study. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to examine the ability of the COPD-Q to discriminate between subjects with and without AO.
Results: The five-item COPD-Q was established based on 19 initial draft items in study I and the weighted scores of individual items. The overall area under the ROC curve for the COPD-Q was 0.796 (95% confidence interval, 0.707–0.788). A cutoff of 4 points resulted in a sensitivity of 71.0% and a specificity of 70.1%. The positive predictive value was 10.8%, and the negative predictive value was 97.9%. The crude odds ratio of the COPD-Q for AO was 5.8.
Conclusion: The five-item COPD-Q is a useful questionnaire for diagnosing persistent AO in a general Japanese population and is expected to be an effective first-stage screening tool for detecting COPD.

COPD screening, questionnaires, Japanese population, bronchodilator, pulmonary function tests, airflow obstruction

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