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Current issues in comparative effectiveness research for hepatitis C

Authors Yoo M, Cheng Y, Rhien T, Biskupiak J

Received 20 November 2013

Accepted for publication 29 January 2014

Published 26 June 2014 Volume 2014:4 Pages 13—27


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Minkyoung Yoo, Yan Cheng, Taylor J Rhien, Joseph Biskupiak

Pharmacotherapy Outcomes Research Center, University of Utah College of Pharmacy, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Background: With increasing treatment options for hepatitis C, evidence of comparative effectiveness of these treatment options is required to improve treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most recent comparative effectiveness research and suggest future directions for hepatitis C research.
Methods: We identified and evaluated the literature on comparative effectiveness research and conducted a literature search for additional studies since the most current review. A review of ongoing clinical trials in hepatitis C was performed to assess how forthcoming research is addressing the research gaps and limitations.
Results: Since a comprehensive comparative effectiveness research review by Chou et al new studies have been published, which were mostly consistent with the consensus in the literature. A few of them added to comparative effectiveness research knowledge by addressing issues of the likelihood of sustained virologic response in an older cohort, the effect of genomics and individualizing treatment duration, or the effect of delayed treatment. Research gaps and limitations of the existing comparative effectiveness research and future study needs were well identified in the second study from Chou et al. Some of the gaps and limitations were filled by additional research over the past year, though many of them still remained unanswered.
Conclusion: To have complete information on the effectiveness of alternative treatments for hepatitis C virus, further research is needed on results in the general population, the effectiveness of treatment methods such as noninvasive treatment and individualized treatment, and the long-term effects of triple therapies. Additionally, evidence from a real-world setting is lacking. Methodologically thorough and independently funded retrospective research will help to generalize the effectiveness of current therapies for hepatitis C virus.

Keywords: PEG-interferon, ribavirin, telaprevir, boceprevir

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