Cost-consequence analysis for human recombinant growth hormone (r-hGH) treatment administered via different devices in children with growth hormone deficiency in Italy
Received 20 November 2018
Accepted for publication 6 April 2019
Published 22 August 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 525—537
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Dean Smith
Jason Foo,1 Mohamad Maghnie,2 Annamaria Colao,3 Ioanna Vlachaki,4 Giorgio Colombo5,6
1Global Health Economics, Mapi Group (An ICON plc Company), Houten, The Netherlands; 2Department of Pediatrics, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini Institute, University of Genova, Genova, Italy; 3Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University Federico II of Naples, 80131 Napoli, Italy; 4Global Health Economics, ICON plc, London, UK; 5Department of Drug Science, Pavia University, Pavia, Italy; 6SAVE Studi – Health Economics & Outcomes Research, Milan, Italy
Correspondence: Jason Foo
Global Health Economics, Mapi Group (An ICON PLC Company), De Molen 84, Houten 3995 AX, The Netherlands
Background: The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the cost-consequence of recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) administered via the easypod auto-injector (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) versus conventional devices in children with growth hormone deficiency in Italy.
Methods: A patient-level simulation, decision-analytical model was developed to estimate the average height gains and growth hormone treatment costs for a cohort of boys and girls until their bone maturation age. The calculations were performed using listed growth hormone drug prices (base case) and a scenario analysis was also conducted using published tender prices. Costs were discounted at 3%.
Results: Due to improved adherence and earlier identification of poor responders, patients receiving somatropin with easypod gained, on average, 3.2 cm more than patients receiving other r-hGH treatments. Somatropin with easypod had the second highest total cost including wastage (€96,710), but had the second lowest cost per cm gained (€7699/cm). In the scenario analysis, somatropin with easypod had the lowest cost per cm gained (€4708/cm) amongst all of the compared treatments.
Conclusion: Somatropin with easypod can be cost-saving versus all other r-hGH treatments except Omnitrope when listed drug prices are considered and can be cost-saving versus all other r-hGH treatments when tender drug prices are considered. The easypod device also facilitates cost savings in terms of reduced wastage.
Keywords: easypod, growth hormone treatment, growth hormone deficiency, cost-consequence analysis
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