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Concurrent proton-pump inhibitors increase risk of death for lung cancer patients receiving 1st-line gefitinib treatment - a nationwide population-based study

Authors Fang YH, Yang YH, Hsieh MJ, Hung MS, Lin YC

Received 7 July 2019

Accepted for publication 31 August 2019

Published 19 September 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 8539—8546

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S222278

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly


Yu-Hung Fang,1 Yao-Hsu Yang,2–5 Meng-Jer Hsieh,6,7 Ming-Szu Hung,8,9 Yu-Ching Lin1,8

1Division of Thoracic Oncology, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Branch, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 2Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Branch, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 3Center of Excellence for Chang Gung Research Datalink, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Branch, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 4Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei City, Taiwan, R.O.C; 5School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 6Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 7Division of Pulmonary Infection and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Branch, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 8Department of Respiratory Care, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi Campus, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan, R.O.C; 9School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, R.O.C

Correspondence: Yu-Ching Lin
Division of Thoracic Oncology, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Branch, No.6, W. Sec., Jiapu Road, Puzi City, Chiayi County 61363, Taiwan, R.O.C
Tel +886 5 362 1000 Ext 2762
Fax +886 5 362 3005
Email lin0927@cgmh.org.tw

Purpose: Concurrent proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use might reduce the plasma concentration of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Clinically, the adverse effect of PPIs on patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with first-line EGFR TKIs remains controversial. This study was conducted to evaluate whether the combined use of gefitinib with PPIs affected NSCLC outcomes.
Patients and methods: We performed a nationwide cohort study of patients newly diagnosed with NSCLC between 1997 and 2013 using the Taiwan Cancer Registry and Taiwan National Health Insurance databases. We identified patients who were treated with first-line EGFR TKIs and analyzed the association between use of PPIs and TKI treatment outcome. We defined the coverage ratio of PPIs as duration of PPI treatment in days divided by duration of TKIs in days. Patients who exhibited an overlap of >20% between PPI and TKI usage days were defined as having a high coverage ratio.
Results: A total of 1278 patients were treated with first-line gefitinib, 309 of which took PPIs at the same time and 145 had a high PPI coverage ratio. Patients had similar time to failure regardless of their PPI coverage ratio during gefitinib treatment. However, higher PPI coverage ratio significantly decreased overall survival (OS) compared with that of patients with a lower PPI coverage ratio or no PPI treatment in univariate analysis (median OS, 13.5, 16.7, and 21.8 months, respectively, p<0.01) and multivariate analyses (high coverage ratio HR: 1.67; low coverage ratio HR: 1.29). Exposure to PPIs during first line gefitinib treatment significantly decreased overall survival of patients with NSCLC.
Conclusion: Concurrent use of PPIs was associated with lower overall survival in patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC under first-line gefitinib treatment.

Keywords: proton pump inhibitor, epidermal growth factor receptor, non-small cell lung cancer, gefitinib, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, National Health Insurance Research Database


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