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Complementary and alternative exercise for fibromyalgia: a meta-analysis

Authors Mist SD, Firestone KA, Jones KD

Received 27 November 2012

Accepted for publication 17 January 2013

Published 27 March 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 247—260

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S32297

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Scott David Mist, Kari Firestone, Kim Dupree Jones

Fibromyalgia Research and Treatment Group, School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA

Abstract: Complementary and alternative medicine includes a number of exercise modalities, such as tai chi, qigong, yoga, and a variety of lesser-known movement therapies. A meta-analysis of the current literature was conducted estimating the effect size of the different modalities, study quality and bias, and adverse events. The level of research has been moderately weak to date, but most studies report a medium-to-high effect size in pain reduction. Given the lack of adverse events, there is little risk in recommending these modalities as a critical component in a multimodal treatment plan, which is often required for fibromyalgia management.

Keywords: fibromyalgia, exercise, complementary and alternative, efficacy, safety

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