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Comparison Between Silicone Oil and Gas in Tamponading Giant Retinal Breaks

Authors Moharram HM, Abdelhalim AS, Hamid MA, Abdelkader MF

Received 8 November 2019

Accepted for publication 23 December 2019

Published 15 January 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 127—132


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Hossam Mohamed Moharram, Ahmed Shawkat Abdelhalim, Mohamed Abdel Hamid, Mohamed Farouk Abdelkader

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Correspondence: Mohamed Abdel Hamid
Department of Ophthalmology, Minia University Hospital, Minia 61111, Egypt

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare anatomical and visual outcomes after using silicone oil (SO) or C 3F 8 gas as tamponades after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for retinal detachment (RD) associated with giant retinal tears (GRTs).
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for cases that underwent PPV for GRT-associated RD. We excluded eyes that had prior vitreoretinal surgery, a history of ocular trauma or worse than grade B proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Baseline demographic and ocular characteristics, surgical details and postoperative anatomical and visual outcomes were recorded and statistically analyzed.
Results: We included 88 eyes; 48 eyes had C 3F 8 gas and 40 eyes had SO as a tamponading agent. Mean age was 39 years. All eyes underwent 23G PPV with no adjuvant scleral buckling and phacovitrectomy was performed for all phakic eyes. Final retinal reattachment was achieved in 86 eyes (97.7%). One eye from each group had recurrent RD. Postoperative vision was significantly better in the gas group (p= 0.008). Prolonged increase of IOP developed in 6 eyes in the SO group and 5 eyes in the gas group. Prolonged uveitis developed in 4 eyes in the gas group and 6 eyes in the oil group (P= 0.04). Epiretinal membranes (ERM) developed in 10 eyes in the gas group and 9 eyes in the oil group. We found no significant difference between both groups regarding postoperative glaucoma or ERM formation.
Conclusion: Both agents achieved similar favorable anatomical outcomes in a series of eyes with fresh GRT-associated RD and low-grade PVR, with better visual outcome and less frequent uveitis associated with the use of gas tamponade.

Keywords: giant retinal tear, silicone oil, perfluoropropane gas, pars plana vitrectomy

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