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Comparative efficacy of long-acting β2-agonists as monotherapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a network meta-analysis

Authors Donohue JF, Betts KA, Du EX, Altman P, Goyal P, Keininger DL, Gruenberger JB, Signorovitch JE

Received 16 August 2016

Accepted for publication 18 November 2016

Published 19 January 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 367—381


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

James F Donohue,1 Keith A Betts,2 Ella Xiaoyan Du,2 Pablo Altman,3 Pankaj Goyal,4 Dorothy L Keininger,4 Jean-Bernard Gruenberger,4 James E Signorovitch5

1Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2Analysis Group, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, 3Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 4Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 5Analysis Group, Inc., Boston, MA, USA

Purpose: Long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) have demonstrated efficacy in patients with COPD in clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to assess the comparative efficacy of all available dosages of all LABA monotherapies using a network meta-analysis.
Methods: A systematic literature review identified 33 randomized controlled trials of LABA monotherapies (salmeterol 50 µg twice daily [BID]; formoterol 12 µg BID; indacaterol 75, 150, and 300 µg once daily [OD]; olodaterol 5 and 10 µg OD, and vilanterol 25 µg OD). Clinical efficacy was evaluated at 12 and 24 weeks in terms of trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), transition dyspnea index focal score, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire total score, and rate of COPD exacerbations. The relative effectiveness of all LABA monotherapies was estimated by Bayesian network meta-analysis.
Results: At 12 and 24 weeks, indacaterol 300 and 150 µg OD were associated with statistically significant improvement in trough FEV1 compared to all other LABA monotherapies; vilanterol 25 µg OD was superior to formoterol 12 µg BID. At 12 weeks, indacaterol 75 µg OD was associated with significant improvement in trough FEV1 compared to formoterol 12 µg BID and olodaterol (5 and 10 µg OD); salmeterol 50 µg BID was superior to formoterol 12 µg BID and olodaterol 5 µg OD. Indacaterol 300 µg OD was also associated with significant improvement in transition dyspnea index focal score compared to all other LABAs at 12 or 24 weeks. Indacaterol 150 µg OD had significantly better results in exacerbation rates than olodaterol 5 µg and olodaterol 10 µg OD.
Conclusion: Indacaterol 300 µg, followed by 150 and 75 µg, were the most effective LABA monotherapies for moderate to severe COPD.

Keywords: COPD, long-acting β2-agonists, network meta-analysis, systematic literature review, indacaterol

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