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Clinical characteristics and selection of treatment modality for patients with vitreomacular traction: real-world implementation of NICE guidance (TA297)

Authors Pritchard E, Shams-Ulislam I, Amar S, Yang Y, Narendran N

Received 10 June 2015

Accepted for publication 3 September 2015

Published 12 January 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 79—85


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Edward William James Pritchard,1 Shams-Ulislam Ilyas,1 Soha Khaled Amar,2 Yit Chuin Yang,3 Nirodhini Narendran1

1Ophthalmology Department, Wolverhampton Eye Infirmary, New Cross Hospital, Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, 2College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, 3Optometry Department, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK

Aim: To investigate the qualitative aspects in patient selection and the quantitative impact of disease burden in real world treatment of vitreomacular traction (VMT) and implementation of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance (TA297).
Methods: A monocentric, retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging over a 3 month period. Patients with VMT in at least one eye were identified for further data collection on laterality, visual acuity, symptoms, presence of epiretinal membrane, macular hole and treatment selection.
Results: A total of 3472 patients underwent OCT imaging with a total of 6878 eyes scanned. Out of 87 patients, 74 patients had unilateral VMT (38 right, 36 left) and 13 patients had bilateral VMT. Eighteen patients with unilateral VMT satisfied NICE criteria of severe sight problems in the affected eye. Eight were managed for a coexisting pathology, one refused treatment, one patient did not attend, two closed spontaneously, and one received ocriplasmin prior to the study start date. Only two patients with unilateral VMT received ocriplasmin and three underwent vitrectomy. Those failing to meet NICE criteria for unilateral VMT were predominantly asymptomatic (n=49) or had coexisting ERM (n=5) or both (n=2).
Conclusion: Ocriplasmin provides an alternative treatment for patients with symptomatic VMT. Our data shows that the majority of patients with VMT do not meet NICE TA297 primarily due to lack of symptoms. Those meeting NICE criteria, but not treated, tended to have coexisting macular pathology. Variation in patient selection due to subjective factors not outlined in NICE guidance suggests that real world outcomes of ocriplasmin therapy should be interpreted with caution.

Keywords: vitreomacular traction, posterior vitreous detachment, pharmacologic vitreolysis, ocriplasmin

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