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Catastrophic Health Expenditure among Chronic Patients Attending Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

Authors Shumet Y, Mohammed SA, Kahissay MH, Demeke B

Received 10 November 2020

Accepted for publication 12 January 2021

Published 3 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 99—107


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Giorgio Lorenzo Colombo

Yohannes Shumet,1 Solomon Ahmed Mohammed,2 Mesfin Haile Kahissay,2 Birhanu Demeke2

1Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Solomon Ahmed Mohammed Tel +251-91-050-4378

Background: Catastrophic health expenditure is health spending that is not covered by a health-care plan. These costs tend to escalate over time, due to chronic illnesses. Catastrophic health expenditure leads to decreased use of health services and poorer treatment outcomes. This study measured the extent of and factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure among chronically ill patients attending Dessie Referral Hospital in northeast Ethiopia.
Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study design was used to quantify catastrophic health expenditure among 302 chronically ill patients from May 25, 2018 to June 30, 2018. A stratified sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were computed using SPSS 20.
Results: Catastrophic health expenditure was found in 194 (64.2%, 95% CI 58.8%– 70.5%) of chronic patients. Costly service (151, 50%), transport (104, 34.4%), and pharmaceuticals (189, 62.6%) were the reasons for catastrophic health expenditure among chronic patients. Factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure were age < 30 years (AOR 7.74, CI 0.94– 63.62; P=0.01), patient monthly income <Br1,068 (AOR 203.47, CI 34.72– 41.70; P=0), being single (, AOR 0.2, CI 0.02– 1.4; P=0.04), familymonthly income <Br1,068 (AOR 0.02, CI 0– 0.47; P=0), laboratory examinations (, AOR 1.54, CI 0.23– 10.41; P=0.04), and transport, food, and lodging (AOR 0.05, CI 0.00– 0.52; P=0.01).
Conclusion: Two-thirds of chronic patients had catastrophic health expenditure. Starting and strengthening various health-insurance schemes will make chronic-care services more accessible and affordable.

Keywords: chronic illness, out-of-pocket, health expenditure

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