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Cardiovascular benefits of exercise

Authors Agarwal S

Received 22 January 2012

Accepted for publication 15 February 2012

Published 22 June 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 541—545

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S30113

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Shashi K Agarwal

Medical Director, Agarwal Health Center, NJ, USA

Abstract: Regular physical activity during leisure time has been shown to be associated with better health outcomes. The American Heart Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine all recommend regular physical activity of moderate intensity for the prevention and complementary treatment of several diseases. The therapeutic role of exercise in maintaining good health and treating diseases is not new. The benefits of physical activity date back to Susruta, a 600 BC physician in India, who prescribed exercise to patients. Hippocrates (460–377 BC) wrote “in order to remain healthy, the entire day should be devoted exclusively to ways and means of increasing one's strength and staying healthy, and the best way to do so is through physical exercise.” Plato (427–347 BC) referred to medicine as a sister art to physical exercise while the noted ancient Greek physician Galen (129–217 AD) penned several essays on aerobic fitness and strengthening muscles. This article briefly reviews the beneficial effects of physical activity on cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: exercise, cardiovascular disease, lifestyle changes, physical activity, good health

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