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Cardiac ß-adrenoceptor expression is markedly depressed in Ossabaw swine model of cardiometabolic risk

Authors Dincer UD

Published 24 June 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 493—499

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S18175

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

U Deniz Dincer
Department of Pharmacology, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract: Ossabaw swine have a “thrifty genotype” and consumption of excess calories induces many classical components of the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, hyperleptinemia, and hypertension. Earlier studies indicate that the metabolic syndrome is associated with diminished cardiac function; however, to what degree this impairment is associated with alterations in myocardial ß1- and ß2-adrenoceptor (AR) expression has not been fully elucidated. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of the metabolic syndrome on cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR expression. Studies were conducted on left ventricular tissue samples obtained from control lean and chronically (50 weeks) high-fat-fed obese animals. Chronic feeding significantly increased fasting plasma insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate. Real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed no significant alterations in cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR mRNA expression. In contrast, Western blot analysis revealed a significant decrease in ventricular ß1- and ß2-AR protein expression. This is the first report in a novel large animal model that induction of metabolic syndrome is accompanied by a significant reduction in cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR protein expression that could contribute to impaired cardiac function.

Keywords:
hypertension, metabolic syndrome, ß-AR, impaired cardiac function

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