Back to Journals » International Journal of General Medicine » Volume 4

Cardiac ß-adrenoceptor expression is markedly depressed in Ossabaw swine model of cardiometabolic risk

Authors Dincer UD

Published 24 June 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 493—499

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S18175

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

U Deniz Dincer
Department of Pharmacology, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Abstract: Ossabaw swine have a “thrifty genotype” and consumption of excess calories induces many classical components of the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, hyperleptinemia, and hypertension. Earlier studies indicate that the metabolic syndrome is associated with diminished cardiac function; however, to what degree this impairment is associated with alterations in myocardial ß1- and ß2-adrenoceptor (AR) expression has not been fully elucidated. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of the metabolic syndrome on cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR expression. Studies were conducted on left ventricular tissue samples obtained from control lean and chronically (50 weeks) high-fat-fed obese animals. Chronic feeding significantly increased fasting plasma insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate. Real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed no significant alterations in cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR mRNA expression. In contrast, Western blot analysis revealed a significant decrease in ventricular ß1- and ß2-AR protein expression. This is the first report in a novel large animal model that induction of metabolic syndrome is accompanied by a significant reduction in cardiac ß1- and ß2-AR protein expression that could contribute to impaired cardiac function.

Keywords:
hypertension, metabolic syndrome, ß-AR, impaired cardiac function

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010