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Bronchiectasis and increased risk of ischemic stroke: a nationwide population-based cohort study

Authors Chen YF, Lin HH, Lin CS, Turbat B, Wang KA, Chung WS

Received 29 October 2016

Accepted for publication 13 March 2017

Published 10 May 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1375—1383

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S126102

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Yung-Fu Chen,1–3,* Hsuan-Hung Lin,4,* Chih-Sheng Lin,5 Battsetseg Turbat,1 Kuo-An Wang,4,6 Wei-Sheng Chung1,3,7

1Department of Healthcare Administration, 2Department of Dental Technology and Materials Science, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, 3Department of Health Services Administration, China Medical University, Taichung, 4Department of Management Information Systems, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China; 5Department of Radiology, BenQ Medical Center, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Industrial Education and Technology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, 7Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Bronchiectasis is characterized by permanent dilatation of the bronchial tree caused by recurrent airway infection and inflammation. The association of atherosclerosis and inflammation is well established. However, studies on the relationship between bronchiectasis and stroke are scant.
Objective: We conducted a population-based cohort study to investigate the incidence and risk of ischemic stroke in patients with bronchiectasis.
Methods: Data of 1,295 patients newly diagnosed as bronchiectasis between 2000 and 2008 were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 6,475 controls without bronchiectasis at a ratio of 5:1 were randomly selected from the general population based on frequency-matched age and sex to the patients. All participants were followed up to the date of ischemic stroke development, censoring, or the end of 2010. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with bronchiectasis compared with those without bronchiectasis.
Results: The patients with bronchiectasis exhibited a higher incidence rate of ischemic stroke (9.18 vs 4.66 per 1,000 person-years) than the patients without bronchiectasis, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.74 (95% confidence interval =1.28–2.35). The patients with bronchiectasis and any comorbidities exhibited a 2.66-fold adjusted hazard ratio of ischemic stroke compared with those with neither bronchiectasis nor comorbidity (95% confidence interval =1.85–3.84). The patients with bronchiectasis carried a dose response of ischemic stroke according to the number of emergency visits and hospitalizations per year.
Conclusion: This study indicated that bronchiectasis is an independent risk factor of ischemic stroke.

Keywords: bronchiectasis, ischemic stroke, cohort study

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