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BRAF mutation as a biomarker in colorectal cancer

Authors Varghese AM, Saltz L

Received 30 April 2015

Accepted for publication 13 July 2015

Published 15 October 2015 Volume 2015:5 Pages 347—353


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr John Martignetti

Anna M Varghese, Leonard B Saltz

Department of Medicine, Division of Solid Tumor Oncology, Gastrointestinal Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA

Abstract: Nearly 10% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) harbor mutations in BRAF. While cytotoxic chemotherapy remains central to the treatment for patients with metastatic CRC, there is a growing understanding that CRC is comprised of molecularly and clinically distinct populations. BRAF-mutant CRC is one such subset. We are learning more about the complexity of BRAF-mutant CRCs and the ways in which patients with BRAF-mutant CRCs may or may not benefit from targeted therapies. This article reviews the role of BRAF as a biomarker in CRC and its implications for treatment.

Keywords: personalized medicine, colorectal cancer, BRAF

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