Association of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms and disease-free survival of Thai post-menopausal breast cancer patients who received adjuvant tamoxifen
Received 4 January 2013
Accepted for publication 11 February 2013
Published 24 May 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 37—48
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Montri Chamnanphon,1 Khunthong Pechatanan,2 Ekapob Sirachainan,3 Narumol Trachu,4 Wasun Chantratita,5 Ekawat Pasomsub,5 Wilai Noonpakdee,6 Insee Sensorn,1,7 Chonlaphat Sukasem1
1Division of Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 2Department of Medicine, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, 3Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 4Research Center, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 5Division of Virology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 6Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 7Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Purpose: To investigate the impact of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms in predicting tamoxifen efficacy and clinical outcomes in Thai breast cancer patients.
Methods: Polymorphisms of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 were genotyped by the AmpliChip™ CYP450 Test (Roche Molecular Diagnostics, Branchburg, NJ, USA) for 57 patients, who were matched as recurrent versus nonrecurrent breast cancers (n = 33 versus n = 24, respectively, with a 5-year follow-up).
Results: Based on the genotype data, five CYP2D6 predicted phenotype groups were identified in this study including homozygous extensive metabolizer (13 of 57, 22.80%), extensive/intermediate metabolizer (23 of 57, 40.40%), extensive/poor metabolizer (3 of 57, 5.30%), homozygous intermediate metabolizer (14 of 57, 24.50%), and intermediate/poor metabolizer (4 of 57, 7.00%), and three CYP2C19 genotype groups including homozygous extensive metabolizer (27 of 57, 47.40%), extensive/intermediate metabolizer (27 of 57, 47.40%), and homozygous poor metabolizer (3 of 57, 5.30%). The CYP2D6 variant alleles were *10 (52 of 114, 45.60%), *5 (5 of 114, 4.40%), *41 (2 of 114, 1.80%), *4 (1 of 114, 0.90%), and *36 (1 of 114, 0.90%); the CYP2C19 variant alleles were *2 (27 of 114, 23.70%) and *3 (6 of 114, 5.30%). Kaplan–Meier estimates showed significantly shorter disease-free survival in patients with homozygous TT when compared to those with heterozygous CT or homozygous CC at nucleotides 100C>T and 1039C>T (CYP2D6*10) post-menopausal (log-rank test; P = 0.046). They also had increased risk of recurrence, but no statistically significant association was observed (hazard ratio 3.48; 95% confidence interval 0.86–14.07; P = 0.080).
Conclusion: The CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms were not involved in tamoxifen efficacy. However, in the subgroup of post-menopausal women, the polymorphisms in CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 might be useful in predicting tamoxifen efficacy and clinical outcomes in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant tamoxifen treatment. As the number of breast cancer patients was relatively small in this study, results should be confirmed in a larger group of prospective patients.
Keywords: CYP2D6, CYP2C19, disease-free survival, tamoxifen, pharmacogenetics, breast cancer
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