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Assessing Building Blocks for Patient Safety Culture—a Quantitative Assessment of Saudi Arabia

Authors Alrowely Z, Ghazi Baker O

Received 13 July 2019

Accepted for publication 9 November 2019

Published 6 December 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 275—285


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto

Zeid Alrowely, 1 Omar Ghazi Baker 2

1Health Investment Development Administration, Directorate of Health Affairs, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia; 2College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Zeid Alrowely
Health Investment Development Administration, Directorate of Health Affairs, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 50 339 9488

Purpose: The study analyzes staffs’ perception of a safety culture and their knowledge of safety measures in the hospitals of Saudi Arabia.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by considering six different public hospitals from Arar city, and by recruiting 503 nurses. Building blocks of patient safety culture were measured through survey questions.
Results: The highest positive rating (81%) was received by both “people support one another in this unit” and “in this unit, people treat each other with respect.” Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting patient safety was rated neutrally (n = 283; 56%) with an average mean score of 3.17± 0.50, which suggested a neutral response by participants. Organizational learning, along with continuous improvement, was positively rated (n = 406; 81%) with an average mean score of 3.93± 0.61.
Conclusion: It demonstrated that participant nurses neither disagree nor agree on the level of patient safety culture prevailing in their hospital setting.

Keywords: nurses, safety management, perception, environment

Corrigendum for this paper has been published

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