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Consensus on the management of astigmatism in cataract surgery

Authors Núñez MX, Henriquez MA, Escaf LJ, Ventura BV, Srur M, Newball L, Espaillat A, Centurion VA

Received 28 June 2018

Accepted for publication 12 October 2018

Published 11 February 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 311—324

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S178277

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Maria X Núñez,1 Maria A Henriquez,2 Luis J Escaf,3 Bruna V Ventura,4 Miguel Srur,5 Lyle Newball,6 Arnaldo Espaillat,7 Virgilio A Centurion8

1Unit of Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Grupo de Investigacion Vision Sana, Clinica de Oftalmología de Cali, Universidad Javeriana, Cali, Colombia; 2Department of Cataract, Department of Research, Oftalmosalud Instituto de Ojos, Lima, Peru; 3Clinica Oftalmologica del Caribe (Cofca), Universidad Javeriana, Barranquilla, Colombia; 4Department of Cataract, Altino Ventura Foundation, HOPE Eye Hospital, Recife, Brazil; 5Centro de la Visión, Filial Clínica Las Condes, Universidad de Los Andes, Santiago de Chile, Chile; 6Lynd Newball Clinic, San Andres Islas, Colombia; 7Cataract and refractive surgery service, Espaillat Cabral Institute, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; 8Cataract service, IMO – Instituto de Moléstias Oculares, São Paulo, Brazil

Abstract: This project was aimed at achieving consensus on the management of astigmatism during cataract surgery by ophthalmologists from Latin America using modified Delphi technique. Relevant peer-reviewed literature was identified, and 21 clinical research questions associated with the definition, classification, measurement, and treatment of astigmatism during cataract surgery were formulated. Twenty participants were divided into seven groups, and each group was assigned three questions to which they had to respond in written form, after thoroughly reviewing the literature. The assigned questions with corresponding responses by each group were discussed with other participants in round 4 – presentation of findings. The consensus was achieved if approval was obtained from at least 80% of participants. The present paper provides several agreements and recommendations for management of astigmatism during cataract surgery, which could potentially minimize the variability in practice patterns and help ophthalmologists adopt optimal practices for cataract patients with astigmatism and improve patient satisfaction.

Keywords: management of astigmatism, astigmatism correction during cataract surgery, cataract patients with astigmatism, measurement and treatment of astigmatism, consensus on managing astigmatism
 

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