Advanced prostate cancer – patient survival and potential impact of enzalutamide and other emerging therapies
Nihar K Patel, Antoine Finianos, Kristen D Whitaker, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching
Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Abstract: The advent of exponential growth of novel agents tested and approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) has brought about a need for understanding of the mechanism of action, side-effects, and clinical efficacy of these drugs as they relate to these patients. This review will provide a synopsis of the treatment landscape in mCRPC as varying agents such as abiraterone acetate, cabazitaxel, sipuleucel-T, radium, and selected emerging agents are presented. A distinct focus on the utilization of enzalutamide, its mechanism of action, key pivotal trials that brought about its US Food and Drug Administration approval, as well as patient-focused perspectives and clinical implications are discussed herein.
Keywords: metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, enzalutamide, systemic therapies
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