Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells in patients with esophageal cancer: a meta-analysis
Received 31 May 2018
Accepted for publication 29 September 2018
Published 12 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 8053—8061
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Yao Dai
Jinxuan Hou,1,2,* Kun Zou,2,* Chaogang Yang,2 Xiaohua Leng,1 Yu Xu1,3
1Hubei Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behaviors and Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China; 2Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China; 3Department of Radiation and Medical Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with esophageal cancer (EC).
Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, Cochrane library (from inception to July 2018) with the keywords “esophageal cancer”, “circulating tumor cells”, “prognosis”, and “peripheral blood”. HR, risk ratio (RR), OR, and their 95% CIs were set as effect measures. All analyses were performed by STATA 12.0.
Results: Eighteen studies were retrieved; CTC-positive patients were significantly associated with poor progression-free survival (PFS) (HR=2.61; 95% CI=2.08–3.28) and overall survival (OS) (HR=2.50; 95% CI=2.12–2.94). CTC-positive patients were also associated with high recurrence (OR=2.84; 95% CI=1.81–4.44) and poor response of chemoradiotherapy (RR=0.64; 95% CI=0.43–0.96). For clinicopathological characteristics, CTC-positive patients were significantly associated with TNM staging, depth of infiltration, regional lymph nodes metastasis, distant metastasis, lymphatic invasion, and venous invasion.
Conclusion: The meta-analysis has confirmed the significant clinicopathological and prognostic value of CTC-positive patients for both PFS and OS in patients with EC.
Keywords: esophageal cancer, CTCs, prognosis, meta-analysis
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