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Voltammetric determination of melatonin using a graphene-based sensor in pharmaceutical products

Authors Apetrei IM, Apetrei C

Received 24 January 2016

Accepted for publication 24 February 2016

Published 2 May 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 1859—1866

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S104941

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster


Irina Mirela Apetrei,1 Constantin Apetrei2

1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2Department of Chemistry, Physics and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Environment, “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati, Galati, Romania

Abstract: Melatonin can be sensitively detected in pharmaceuticals by cyclic voltammetry and fixed-potential amperometry using a graphene-based sensor. The sensor characterization of cyclic voltammetry constantly provides high values of electrode active area and heterogeneous rate constant. In optimal conditions, the sensor was applied for the determination of melatonin in different pharmaceutical samples. The sensitivity to melatonin was 0.0371 A M-1, and the limit of detection was 0.87×10-6 M. The data obtained by using the graphene-based sensor for the detection of melatonin in pharmaceutical products were in good agreement with the data provided by the producer. Since no interferences from the excipients were found, using a separation technique was not necessary. Additionally, the low price, ease of handling, small amount of sample, short time per analysis, and possibility of automation are the important advantages that recommend this methodology for quality control of pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: electroanalysis, kinetics, chitosan, limit of detection, recovery

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