Utilizing enoxaparin in the management of STEMI
Authors Andrea Rubboli, Alessandro Capecchi, Giuseppe Di Pasquale
Published 15 November 2007 Volume 2007:3(5) Pages 691—700
Andrea Rubboli1, Alessandro Capecchi2, Giuseppe Di Pasquale1
1Division of Cardiology, Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, Italy; 2Division of Cardiology, General Hospital, Bentivoglio, Italy
Abstract: The use of enoxaparin in conjunction with thrombolysis in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), has been recently investigated in several clinical trials. In 8 published open-label studies including about 10,000 patients, in which enoxaparin was compared to either placebo or unfractionated heparin (UFH), a general superiority of enoxaparin on both reinfarction/recurrent angina and patency of the infarct-related artery, was observed. Overall, bleeding rate with enoxaparin was higher than with placebo and comparable to UFH, with the exception of one study where pre-hospital administration induced a doubled incidence of intracranial bleeding in patients older than 75 years. In a recent double-blind, randomized, mega-trial including over 20,000 patients, the superior efficacy on in-hospital and 30-day adverse cardiac events (namely reinfarction), and comparable safety on intracranial bleedings of enoxaparin compared to UFH, was definitively proven.
In conclusion, initial intravenous bolus of enoxaparin followed by twice daily subcutaneous administration for about 1 week should be considered instead of intravenous UFH for the treatment of patients with STEMI receiving thrombolysis. Along with its easiness of use, not requiring laboratory monitoring, the subcutaneous administration of enoxaparin allows extended antithrombotic treatment, while permitting early mobilization (and rehabilitation) of patients.
Keywords: enoxaparin, low-molecular-weight heparins, thrombolysis, acute myocardial infarction